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Multi-Agent Simulation of Individual Mobility Behavior in Carpooling

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In International Journal on Transport Research Part C, vol. 45, pp. 83-98, 2014.
ISSN 0968-090X
DOI: 10.1016/j.trc.2013.12.012.
Abstract:
Carpooling is an emerging alternative transportation mode that is eco-friendly and sustainable as it enables commuters to save time, travel resource, reduce emission and traffic congestion. The procedure of carpooling consists of a number of steps namely; (i) create a motive to carpool, (ii) communicate this motive with other agents, (iii) negotiate a plan with the interested agents, (iv) execute the agreed plans, and (v) provide a feedback to all concerned agents. In this paper, we present a conceptual design of an agent-based model (ABM) for the carpooling a that serves as a proof of concept. Our model for the carpooling application is a computational model that is used for simulating the interactions of autonomous agents and to analyze the ef- fects of change in factors related to the infrastructure, behavior and cost. In our carpooling application, we use agent profiles and social networks to initiate our agent communication model and then employ a route matching algorithm, and a utility function to trigger the negotiation process between agents. We developed a prototype of our agent- based carpooling application based on the work presented in this paper and carried out a validation study of our results with real data collected in Flanders, Belgium.
Keywords:
Carpooling Problem, Multi-agent simulation, Organizational Model, Janus Platform, JaSim Environment Model, FEATHERS
Publication Category:
International journal with reading committee
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