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Agent-Based Simulation Model for Long-Term Carpooling: Effect of Activity Planning Constraints

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In Proc. of 6th International Conference on Ambient Systems, Networks and Technologies, London, UK, 2015.
In order to commute by carpooling, individuals need to communicate, negotiate and coordinate, and in most cases adapt their daily schedule to enable cooperation. Through negotiation, agents (individuals) can reach complex agreements in an iterative way which meet the criteria for the successful negotiation. The procedure of negotiation and trip execution in the long-term carpooling consists of a number of steps namely; (i) decision to carpool, (ii) exploration and communication, (iii) negotiation, (iv) coordination and schedule adaptation, (v) long term trip execution (carpooling), (vi) negotiation during carpooling and (vii) carpool termination and exploration for new carpool. This paper presents a conceptual design of an agent- based model (ABM) of a set of candidate carpoolers that serves as a proof of concept. The proposed model is used for simulating the interactions of autonomous agents; the model enables communication to trigger the negotiation process; it measures the effect of pick-drop and shopping activities on the carpooling trips. Carpooling for commuting is simulated; we consider a set of two intermediate trips (home- to-work and work-to-home) for the long-term carpooling. The schedule adaptation depends on the preferences, in general on time of day and on the duration of the participation related to the schedules of the individuals. We carried out a validation study of our results with real data (partial) collected in Flanders, Belgium. From the simulation’s discussions, it is possible to understand the causes why people can adapt their daily schedule to enable cooperation in order to carpool and what is the effect of constraining activities on the carpooling trips. The future research will mainly focus on enhancing the mechanisms for communication and negotiation between agents.
Negotiation; carpooling; commuting; Agent technology; Organizational model; Janus platform.
Publication Category:
International conference with proceedings
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